“All Sums” and “Vertical” Exhaustion Apply to Excess Coverage for Asbestos Liabilities
Time 3 Minute Read
Categories: Insurance

As reported on the Hunton Insurance Recovery blog, the New York Court of Appeals held that each of several excess liability insurers can be wholly responsible for the entire extent of their policyholders’ asbestos liabilities. The Court further held that “vertical” exhaustion would apply; rejecting the insurers’ attempt to apply “horizontal” exhaustion before upper-layer policies must respond. The decision, in In the Matter of Viking Pump, Inc. and Warren Pumps, LLC, Insurance Appeals, comes in response to two questions certified from the Delaware Supreme Court:

  • Under New York law, is the proper method of allocation to be used all sums or pro- rata when there are non-cumulation and prior insurance provisions?
  • Given the Court’s answer to the first question, under New York law and based on the policy language at issue, when the underlying primary and umbrella insurance in the same policy period has been exhausted, does vertical or horizontal exhaustion apply to determine when a policyholder may access its excess insurance?

The Court answered the first question in favor of an “all sums” allocation, finding that the non-cumulation clauses in the policies at issue would be inconsistent with a pro-rata allocation method.

The Court answered the second question in favor of “vertical” exhaustion, finding that under New York law, “other insurance” clauses in the policies at issue are not implicated in situations involving successive – as opposed to concurrent – insurance policies. Thus, the Court rejected the excess insurers’ contention that successive policies should share in the liability simply because they provide “other valid and collectible insurance.” As the Court explained based on its own prior rulings, “other insurance” clauses apply “when two or more policies provide coverage during the same period, and they serve to prevent multiple recoveries from such policies,” and that such clauses “have nothing to do” with “whether any coverage potentially exist[s] at all among certain high-level policies that were in force during successive years.”

Syed Ahmad, a partner in Hunton & Williams LLP’s Insurance Coverage Counseling and Litigation team, was interviewed by Law360 about the decision’s broad-ranging implications. As Ahmad explained in the article titled NY Allocation Ruling Speeds Policyholders’ Road To Recovery, “[u]nder all-sums, policyholders can seek to recover all amounts owed from one insurer, which will make things much easier for them to recover for a particular loss.” This, plus the decision’s directive that all insurers in a given policy year must pay without the need for horizontal exhaustion of coverage in subsequent policy years, paves the way for policyholders to obtain full indemnification from a single “tower” of coverage.

  • Partner

    Mike is a Legal 500 and Chambers USA-ranked lawyer with more than 25 years of experience litigating insurance disputes and advising clients on insurance coverage matters.

    Mike Levine is a partner in the firm’s Washington, DC ...


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